Gum Disease (Gingivitis)

Gum Disease Treatment

gum-disease-beverly-maHealthy gums should not bleed easily. Red, swollen or bloody gums are an early warning sign of gingivitis. Left untreated, gingivitis can cause serious health problems including tooth loss, osteoporosis, heart disease, or even stroke.

Fortunately, with regular dental care and check-ups alongside good dental hygiene, gum infections can be treated quickly and your smile will be beautiful and healthy once more.

Plaque forms on our teeth from food and other residue. This plaque contains bacteria which builds up along the gum line and releases chemicals which inflame the gums. This inflammation and swelling can be prevented with regular flossing and brushing but often there are hard to reach areas of the mouth where the bacteria build up.

Combating periodontal disease (another word for the diseases of the gums and jaw) is very important. Since brushing and flossing can only do so much, even if done diligently and on a daily basis, going to the dentist is the next step. A Beverly dentist such as Dr. Ben Polan can care for your teeth and gums when you schedule regular dental check-ups.

The 3 stages of Periodontal Disease

page-images-gum-diseaseThe first stage is called gingivitis. This is still very treatable as the gums are swollen, red, and bleed easily but the more serious health problems have not yet occurred. Many times a dentist will simply recommend a strict cleaning regimen and the gum issues will be treated before they become a serious problem.

The next stage is called periodontitis. At this stage, the plaque and its calcified form called tartar have built up and your gums are receding away from your teeth. Bacteria and pus fill in pockets between your gums and teeth, and your gums will feel very irritated, inflamed, and painful. There may be some bone loss at this stage as well.

At the final stage, advanced periodontitis, your teeth continue to lose support, the gums, bone, and periodontal ligament are slowly being destroyed, and the affected teeth become loose and can fall out. People also suffer moderate to severe bone loss. More serious medical issues can also occur because infections in the mouth can spread throughout the body, including the heart or blood vessels.

Periodontal disease can be treated in a variety of ways

Dr. Ben Polan offers his patients many treatment options which can be combined with home dental care to remove the infection and help you feel better. Home care and maintenance will also be very important in keeping the infection from returning and scheduled follow-up visits will ensure that your mouth is healing normally.

The office treatments include bacterial testing, full mouth disinfection, scaling and root planing, anti-bacterial medications and laser therapy. Bacterial tests check to see if a person is genetically susceptible to gum disease. Some people are born with a higher bacteria count in their mouths than others and this can be treated with antibiotics before it becomes a major problem. The other treatments can be discussed in detail with Dr. Ben Polan when you come in for an appointment and he will help you find the right solution for your needs.

While gum disease can be treated, it is best to prevent the problem with regular dental visits. If you live in the Beverly area and want to schedule an appointment for a cleaning, please contact us. We would be happy to answer any further questions you might have about gum disease and treatment options, and find the solution which best suits you.